Day of Transplant
After your preparative regimenThe treatments used to prepare a patient for stem cell transplantation (a procedure in which a person receives blood stem cells, which make any type of blood cell). A preparative regimen may include chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy, and radiation to the entire body. It helps make room in the patient’s bone marrow for new blood stem cells to grow, helps prevent the patient's body from rejecting the transplanted cells, and helps kill any cancer cells that are in the body. Also called conditioning regimen. is completed, the transplant will take place. It may begin on the last day of your preparative regimen, or 1-3 days afterward. Some patients celebrate this day as their "second birthday".
If you were already in the hospital, you will undergo the transplant there. If you were treated as an outpatient during the preparative regimen, you may be admitted to the hospital for the transplant. In some cases, the transplant is performed as an outpatient procedure.
The transplant itself is much like a blood transfusion. Stem cells, which have been collected from the bone marrow, bloodstream or from a cord blood unit, are infused into your body through the catheterSmall, flexible plastic tube inserted into a portion of the body to administer or remove fluids. that was previously inserted into a large vein.
You will be awake during the process, which usually takes 30 to 60 minutes. Some patients will be lightly sedated during the transplant. In all cases, your medical team will monitor you for signs of fever, chills, hives or chest pains.
When the actual procedure is completed, you will begin the process of waiting for the stem cells to start producing healthy blood cells again.