Diseases Treated By Transplant
A blood stem cell transplant is a potential treatment for patients who have been diagnosed with one of more than 100 different diseases. Patients with multiple myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma and Hodgkins disease are most often treated with a blood stem cell transplant. Patients with blood disorders such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia may also be treated with a blood stem cell transplant.
Not all patients with these diseases require a transplant. Blood stem cell transplants are usually reserved for patients who have a high risk of relapsing (the disease comes back) after less intensive treatment or who have already relapsed.
Although a blood stem cell transplant is used most often to treat patients with a blood cell disorder, it is also a potential treatment for patients with an autoimmune disease such as lupus or multiple sclerosis; an immune deficiency disease such as SCIDS or Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome; inborn errors of metabolism such as Hurler's Syndrome; and solid tumors such as neuroblastoma or a brain tumor.
The American Society for Blood & Marrow Transplantation (ASBMT) has also issued guidelines about when it is appropriate to transplant patients with various diseases.
Number of Transplants & Outcome Data
The Health Resouces Service Administration (HRSA), a division of the US Federal Government, hosts a web site with information on stem cell transplants. They offer data on:
- Transplants performed in the US in 2008-2012, by disease
- Transplants performed at individual transplant centers, by disease, in 2012
- Transplant outcomes data for the years 2008-2012
When reviewing this data, keep in mind that improvements are constantly being made in the field of transplantation, and that outcome data for the years 2000-2005 may not necessarily reflect what is being achieved by transplant centers today.